Kindergarten Requirements

All Alabama Course of Study Standards can be found at



1.) Exhibit phonemic awareness, including identifying and categorizing phonemes, orally blending phonemes into one-syllable words, segmenting one-syllable words into phonemes, and rhyming.
2.) Demonstrate letter-sound association, including matching letters to corresponding spoken sounds and blending letter sounds into one-syllable words, using printed materials.

Examples: initial consonant sounds, final consonant sounds, medial short vowel sounds
3.) Identify upper- and lower-case letters.
4.) Use words that describe and represent real-life objects and actions.

Example: using words that describe location, size, color, and shape

• Using a variety of emergent reading materials
Examples: picture books, predictable texts, decodable text, print in the environment

• Learning new words through stories and explicit instruction
• Recognizing kindergarten high-frequency words in print
Examples: Dolch word lists, basal reader word lists
5.) Demonstrate listening comprehension of passages, including retelling stories and answering questions.

• Recalling information
Examples: characters, settings, details, main ideas, beginning and ending of story

• Making predictions to determine main idea or anticipate an ending
• Responding to stories, asking questions, discussing ideas, and relating events to daily life
• Identifying correct sequence of events after listening to a story
6.) Identify various forms of narrative texts, including nursery rhymes, poetry, and stories.

• Naming characters and settings in books and stories
• Identifying the author and title of a text
7.) Recognize basic features of informational text.

Examples: pictures, photographs, captions, facts
8.) Use brainstorming, drawing, and discussion as elements of prewriting in the writing process.

Examples: graphic organizers, storyboards, peer group discussions

• Drafting by stringing letters together to express thought
• Revising group or modeled story
• Using approximate spelling while editing
• Publishing through reading or displaying work
• Using basic punctuation
Examples: period, question mark, exclamation point
9.) Print upper- and lower-case letters using proper formation, spacing, and letter-line placement.

• Using correct hand position when holding writing instrument
10.) Use print and nonprint classroom, library, and real-world resources to acquire information.

Examples: nonfiction books, videos, personal interviews, Web-based sources, environmental print

• Identifying parts of a book
• Using simple charts, maps, and graphs to gain basic information
11.) Follow one- and two-part oral directions.

• Responding to various types of literature read aloud
Examples: drawing a picture, composing a song, participating in a discussion

• Looking at the speaker without interrupting
• Listening for meaning in oral communication
12.) Select appropriate voice level when interacting with others.

Examples: whispering in the library, cheering loudly in the gym

• Using appropriate grammar and word choice for a specific audience
• Reciting short poems, rhymes, songs, and stories with repeated patterns
• Demonstrating the ability to take turns in a conversation
• Making connections to stories read aloud
Examples: text-to-self, text-to-text, text-to-world



Mathematics, Grade K, 2010
Counting and Cardinality
Know number names and the count sequence.
1.) Count to 100 by ones and by tens. [K-CC1]
2.) Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1). [K-CC2]
3.) Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 0-20 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [K-CC3]
Count to tell the number of objects.
4.) Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [K-CC4]

a. When counting objects, say the number names in the standard order, pairing each object with one and only one number name and each number name with one and only one object. [K-CC4a]

b. Understand that the last number name said tells the number of objects counted. The number of objects is the same regardless of their arrangement or the order in which they were counted. [K-CC4b]

c. Understand that each successive number name refers to a quantity that is one larger. [K-CC4c]
5.) Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1-20, count out that many objects. [K-CC5]
Compare numbers.
6.) Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [K-CC6]
7.) Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [K-CC7]
Operations and Algebraic Thinking
Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from.
8.) Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations. (Drawings need not show details, but should show the mathematics in the problem. This applies wherever drawings are mentioned in the Standards.) [K-OA1]
9.) Solve addition and subtraction word problems, and add and subtract within 10, e.g., by using objects or drawings to represent the problem. [K-OA2]
10.) Decompose numbers less than or equal to 10 into pairs in more than one way, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g., 5 = 2 + 3 and 5 = 4 + 1). [K-OA3]
11.) For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation. [K-OA4]
12.) Fluently add and subtract within 5. [K-OA5]
Number and Operations in Base Ten
Work with numbers 11-19 to gain foundations for place value.
13.) Compose and decompose numbers from 11 to 19 into ten ones and some further ones, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each composition or decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g., 18 = 10 + 8); understand that these numbers are composed of ten ones and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones. [K-NBT1]
Measurement and Data
Describe and compare measurable attributes.
14.) Describe measurable attributes of objects such as length or weight. Describe several measurable attributes of a single object. [K-MD1]
15.) Directly compare two objects, with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has "more of" or "less of" the attribute, and describe the difference. [K-MD2]

Example: Directly compare the heights of two children, and describe one child as taller or shorter.
Classify objects and count the number of objects in each category.
16.) Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [K-MD3]
Identify and describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres).
17.) Describe objects in the environment using names of shapes, and describe the relative positions of these objects using terms such as above, below, beside, in front of, behind, and next to. [K-G1]
18.) Correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size. [K-G2]
19.) Identify shapes as two-dimensional (lying in a plane, "flat") or three-dimensional ("solid"). [K-G3]
Analyze, compare, create, and compose shapes.
20.) Analyze and compare two- and three-dimensional shapes, in different sizes and orientations, using informal language to describe their similarities, differences, parts (e.g., number of sides and vertices or "corners"), and other attributes (e.g., having sides of equal length). [K-G4]
21.) Model shapes in the world by building shapes from components (e.g., sticks and clay balls) and drawing shapes. [K-G5]
22.) Compose simple shapes to form larger shapes. [K-G6]

Example: "Can you join these two triangles with full sides touching to make a rectangle?"



1.) Classify objects as solids or liquids.
2.) Identify the sun as Earth's source of light and heat.

• Predicting the effect of the sun on living and nonliving things
• Identifying relationships between light and shadows
• Predicting the occurrence of shadows
3.) Relate a variety of sounds to their sources, including weather, animal, and transportation sounds.


- weather-thunder,

- animal-dog bark,

- transportation-truck horn
4.) Identify properties of motion, including change of position and change of speed.
5.) Predict whether an object will be attracted by a magnet.
6.) Compare size, shape, structure, and basic needs of living things.

• Identifying similarities of offspring and their parents
7.) Classify objects using the five senses.

• Grouping objects according to color, shape, size, sound, taste, smell, texture, and temperature
8.) Identify features of Earth as landmasses or bodies of water.
9.) Identify seasons of the year.

• Describing seasonal changes in the weather
10.) Identify objects observed in the day sky with the unaided eye, including the sun, clouds, moon, and rainbows.

Social Studies


1.) Use daily schedules and timelines from birth to present to relate self and family to changes over time.

• Using vocabulary to describe periods of time
Examples: long ago, yesterday, today, tomorrow
2.) Compare families of today with families of the past in relation to work, home, and school.


- present-one or both parents working outside the home, families sharing household responsibilities, students having choices of transportation;

- past-parents working together on family-owned farms, family responsibilities assigned by gender, students walking to school
3.) Identify historically significant events as they relate to self and family.

Examples: Veterans Day, Independence Day

• Identifying famous individuals associated with holidays and celebrations

- Presidents' Day-George Washington, Abraham Lincoln;

- Thanksgiving-Squanto, Pilgrims;

- Black History Month-Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr., Booker T. Washington

• Describing personal and family experiences related to holidays and celebrations
4.) Identify personal use of goods and services.

• Demonstrating ways money is used in everyday life
Examples: saving money in piggy banks, using money to buy pencils at the school supply store

• Identifying various community helpers and their roles in the community
Examples: farmers providing food, firefighters putting out fires, health care professionals giving vaccinations, police officers protecting citizens
5.) Identify personal wants and needs.

• Discussing differences between purchasing and bartering for materials
Examples: purchasing candy at the grocery store, trading candy for baseball cards

• Discussing reasons for making choices
6.) Identify vocabulary related to location and direction.

• Locating objects and places to the right or left, up or down, in or out, and above or below
• Giving directions
• Following directions
7.) Identify representations of Earth using technology, maps, and globes.

• Creating simple maps
Examples: home, classroom, school
8.) Describe effects of different seasons on self and family.

Example: needing to wear a coat in winter

• Discussing economic factors affected by seasonal changes
Example: heating and cooling expenses
9.) Describe ways people celebrate their diverse cultural heritages.

Examples: literature, language, games, songs, dances, holidays
10.) Discuss rights and responsibilities of individuals in relation to different social groups, including family, peer group, and classmates.

• Explaining the importance of manners and social etiquette
• Explaining the necessity for rules and laws and consequences of failing to obey them
Examples: raising hand before speaking to eliminate noise and allow every person to be heard, obeying traffic signs and signals to avoid traffic tickets and accidents, recognizing that playing with matches could lead to getting burned
11.) Identify historic symbols of patriotism.

Examples: Alabama state flag; the flag of the United States; eagle; Pledge of Allegiance; red, white, and blue; the song "America"; the national anthem "The Star-Spangled Banner"



1.) Identify basic parts of various technology systems.

• Naming input and output devices
Examples: input-keyboard, stylus

- output-printer
2.) Identify applications and operations of various technology systems.

Examples: applications-word processing, multimedia presentation software

- operations-opening, closing, and saving files

• Using accurate terminology related to technology
Example: "press," not "hit," keys

• Using input devices to enter letters, numbers, and symbols
• Using special functions of input devices
Example: keyboard shortcuts

• Labeling storage media
• Removing storage media safely
3.) Demonstrate correct posture and finger placement while using a technology system.
4.) Identify safe use of technology systems and applications.

Examples: protecting personal information online, avoiding inappropriate sites, exiting inappropriate sites
5.) Practice responsible use of technology systems and applications.

Example: maintaining proper settings

• Demonstrating care of digital equipment and media
Examples: washing hands before use, cleaning work area before and after use

• Distinguishing between ethical and unethical use of others' work{C}
Examples: avoiding plagiarism, avoiding manipulation of others' work without permission
6.) Identify uses of technology systems in daily living.
7.) Use digital tools to access and retrieve information.

Examples: online libraries, multimedia dictionaries, search engines, directories

• Evaluating accuracy of digital content
Example: determining fact versus opinion
8.) Use digital environments to exchange ideas with individuals or groups.

Examples: other states, other countries

• Producing digital works collaboratively
Examples: developing shared writing projects, creating language experience stories
9.) Identify digital tools used for problem solving.

Examples: spell check, digital graphic organizers, electronic drawing programs, simulation software
10.) Design original works using digital tools.

Examples: tools-digital drawing tools, music software, word processing software, digital cameras